Saturday, April 10, 2010

Shona Zvidawo & Totems

The Shona-speaking peoples of Zimbabwe use several cultural markers to identify a person and to show their origin. The most important cultural marker is one's totem (usually in the form of an animal). My totem - mutupo in Shona - is Mhara/antelope. Male members of the Mhara totemic lineage go by the honorific name of *Chikonamombe* ( *mombe* means cow in Shona). The honorific name, *Chikonamombe* can also be rendered as *Chikonan'ombe* . In Shona, this honorific name is known as a *chidawo*.

Zvidawo (plural of chidawo) can also be used as family names, hence *James Chikonamombe*. Every totemic lineage has a praise poem that is associated with that lineage. A single line of this praise-poem is called a *detembo*; several lines are called *madetembo*, and to be showered with praise using your lineage praise-poem is known as *kudetembedzwa* .

Here are some lines from my lineage praise-poem: Mbuya Chikonamombe, chigumbu chinounye... ....Gusho, vari Rare.....vari zihota...vemuto munyere....vakazadzwa mhezi neVaranda. The reciting of the praise-poem is often accompanied by the ritual clapping of hands (kuwombera maoko). If you ever see two Zimbabweans clasping and clapping their hands, as they exchange pleasantaries, don't be confused....you will actually be witnessing a ritual greeting.

Shona *madetembo* often include ritual attributes of that totemic lineage (sometimes in jest), and some geographic attributes. For example, in ours, there is reference to *vari Rare*. Here, *Rare* refers to an area in Chikomba (my home district) now known as *Range*. During colonial times it was known as *The Range*. In our poem, the line with *vemuto munyere* refers to our legendary love of meat. When Zvikonamombe (plural of Chikonamombe) are at the table then be forewarned: there are no vegetarians in the family, and baby-carrots and mushy peas just won't suffice!

Honorific names are how adult (male) Zimbabweans address one another, either in person or in correspondence (and not by their given family names). For example, PM Morgan Tsvangirai is addressed in person as *Save*, and not *Morgan* or *Morgan Tsvangirai*. You might have read of *Gushungo* in passages about Zimbabwe. The *Gushungo* they are referring to is President Robert Mugabe. The respectful and proper way to address President Mugabe in person is by his lineage honorific name of Gushungo, and not *Bob* or *Robert*.

101 comments :

florence said...

when we were kids we were actually forced to sing chidawo and am proud of being a mhara, maromo , manyuka

Anonymous said...

I'm proud of my fore fathers . Vana Mukuruwambwa ' Chuma ' Moyana ' Gora

Kudzai mutuwa said...

Does anyone know of a totem called Kumbi and what animal or what it symbolises?

James Chikonamombe said...

Kudzai Mutuwa: Off the top-of-my-head, I couldn't answer your question. I would have to do some research. I'm presuming that "Kumbi" might be a word used in one of the other Shona dialects, like Chi-KoreKore or Chi-Ndau, and that it's also used as a totem. An example of this would be Tembo/Samaita, which are both used as totems and which mean the same thing (Zebra).

Kudzai mutuwa said...

James Chikonamombe: I managed to find get it thanks. It is the Tortoise and the females are called anaMaChuma.
I also wondered, all along have thought females from the Elephant Totem are referred to as aChihoro. Of i am wrong, could someone correct me as this is my totem as well. i would hate to go around calling myself by the wrong name :)

James Chikonamombe said...

Kudzai Mutuwa: That's good news. I was thinking that this might be one of those clan-names which are used by the females of the line and are relatively unknown to the general public.

Anonymous said...

Where else cn I get vana Chikonamomb besides kuMhondoro.I also want e history. Pliz help

James Chikonamombe said...

"Anonymous": VanaChikonamombe are mostly in Mhondoro-Wedza-Chikomba, with a small group around Mvuma and another smaller group in the Sanyati-Gokwe area (who moved there during colonial times). Email me with your address (and name) at Zichivhu@gmail.com and we can talk some more, about history etc.

Anonymous said...

Makadii vanhu,taurai kunana chikonamombe vese munyika muno zvizere kwete kusirira kwaya kabva Chikonamombe

Anonymous said...

I want 2 knw m0re abt mutup0 Gushung0 lyk unodetembwa sei vakadzi vacho van0daidzwa vachinzi anani?

Anonymous said...

want to know the origin of vanoyera humba vanobvepi ?

James Chikonamombe said...

To "anonymous":

Vanoyera Humba vanobva kuManicaland...but of-course, like other lineages, they are now scattered all over Zimbabwe with some in Buhera and some in Chikomba.

Anonymous said...

how did totems began and wat was their purpose?

James Chikonamombe said...

To "anonymous": I wish you had left your last-name, clan-name or totem, and then I could have answered your question much better. Totems began as a way to establish a group-identity amongst a specific group of people living in a set, geographic area.

Totems were also a "calling-card", for members of a certain lineage when they were amongst different peoples of different lineages; In other words: amongst strangers, you knew who your kinsmen were.

matundundu maromo said...

please indepth info on mbizi/tembo totem.presently come from buhera area.heard many times claims these people trace ancestry from sena people north of the zambezi in/around present tete/sena in mozambique.

george

James Chikonamombe said...

Matundundu Maromo:

Aaron C. Hodza, Aeneas Chigwedere, S. Mudenge (as well as David Beach) all discuss at length nhetembo nemadzinza eZimbabwe. Start from there for info on Mbizi/Tembo totem. You also want to delve into the books of Aaron Chiundura Moyo, who incorporates the histories of the various Rozvi Changamires into his writings. I hope this info will get you going.

Anonymous said...

Machuma ndiGwai...

Josh said...

Interesting topic by the way, I think this is a part of our heritage that's often neglected to our own detriment as a people. Besides their use as lineage "calling cards", totems might have also been established to avoid inbreeding/incest. In the Shona culture generally people of the same totem were not supposed to marry - although there were few exceptions to this rule. In the old days children would often take their father's first names as their surnames thus fraternal cousins could end up with different surnames - the only way to determine relations down the generations was then by the use the unchanging totem.

ndigume ndigu said...

vaera gwaii vanodetemberwa seyi? please help

James Chikonamombe said...

I haven't compiled a list of all nhetembo. I would have to direct you to the books of Aeneas Chigwedere and Aaron Hodza.

Raphael Chibedu said...

can someone tell me the relationship between nyati and nhari.uyu mutupo mumwe chete here

James Chikonamombe said...

VaChibedu, please look at the previous comments posted.

Ndatenda

Namatani Nyathi said...

Mr James, mungandipewo madetembero ana nyati here. Thanx in advance kana munawo mutupo uyu, please send it to namataninyathi@gmail.com

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello Mr Nyathi. First of all, I noticed you spell your name as "Nyathi" as opposed to "Nyati". Are you a Ndebele-speaking "Nyathi" (of Sotho-Birwa descent)? If you need to know the Nyati nhetembo -- Nyati also rendered as Chipembere kuMaKorekore -- then I'll have to direct you to the books of Hodza or Chigwedere.

teebuzz said...

I just wanted to find out more history about the settlement of the people in Gokwe during colonial times. Im from Gokwe and My father is a Chikonamombe. But somehow his father was born in South Africa. He came to settle in Gokwe during that time.

James Chikonamombe said...

You said, your grand-father was born in SA? Is that correct? Had his father (your great-grandfather) moved to SA? The original Chikonamombe settlement in the Chikomba-Hwedza-Mhondoro region was in pre-colonial times. I'm sure you're aware of that.

During colonial times,people were moved by the colonial authorities (1) to make way for European settlers (2) as a way to alleviate overcrowding in what were then known as "Tribal Trust Lands". That's why you find Zvikonamombe in Gokwe-Sanyati, in Lower-Gweru, in The Lowveld (in Triangle), and in communal areas immediately outside greater Harare, like Chimbwanda.

Anonymous said...

Great piece you have here. And good job at replying the audience, polite and detailed. Keep it up. Its good to see a page pasinawo kutukana pama comments. Kuremekedzana badzi.
Ini ndiri muera Shiri, Hungwe, Chivara. Isu sevanhu kadzi vemutupo, tiri vana Manyoni. While it may be clear as to my origins etc, I do wonder what the bird signifies. Does the general eagle symbolism apply or when it comes to Zimbabwean totems, its different? Moreover, where can I get a detailed book on this particular part our heritage?
Maita :)

Anonymous said...

hi guys.what animal does the totem mbano represent.thnx in advance

Anonymous said...

Humba is Chauke. There are originaly Tsonga and they came to Southern Africa from their original home near the mountains of Gabon in the north.

Anonymous said...

Mbano is not an animal but a fish that looks like a snake ie an eel. It lives in water. If this is your tshidawo then you fall under the Dziva/Siziba totem.

James Chikonamombe said...

Thank you for the comments. Let's keep this conversation going. Can you give us some lines (nhetembo) for vanoyera Dziva.

James Chikonamombe said...

Thank you for the comments. So Humba is Chauke. Can you add anything else in brief (muchidimbu) about the Shangaan/Tsonga Chaukes who live in the Lowveld. Where else do you find Humbas in Zimbabwe? Would love to know.

Anonymous said...

Ko vana humba vanombodetembwa sei

Anonymous said...

Dziva is too broad. It includes many clans scattered around Southern Africa. The main lines that bind the variou clans of the Dziva totem are: " Dziva reMvura- this tells us about the origions. VaMkokomedzi- greatest hunter. VeGanda govu- owners of the land. VaChirwa miseve-those who fight using bows and arrows ie their weapons. Izvi rova mupande! - this denotes their fighting prowess as well as revealing their ability as great rain makers. These lines are common to all those who use the Dziva totem. And of course the greatest one being VaMsikavanhu!
Vemtupo unoyera!
However each clan has its own divergent praises as a result of its own particular experiences.-ie The Gova clan would use M'sayigwa Mapaire!
" VaChigova mpunga
Vachinga govi ndiro yenopi."-this reveals to us the type of food they cherished...

Anonymous said...

Praises for Humba in its original Tsonga goes like this: " VaHlengwe, va dyiva tihumba, xilonga.
I xinyori xa humba xo kangatela eribyeni.
Xa kangatela ribyeni
Xikovele! Xigombe!

James Chikonamombe said...

Thanks for the Tsonga praises. Could we get a Shona translation of the Tsonga praises. Let's keep the conversation going. Ndatenda

James Chikonamombe said...

To MaNyoni: Sorry for the late reply; I've been away for part of December. The best book I can refer you to is "Great Zimbabwe" by Peter S Garlake. He writes about the archeology and the religious significance of the symbols found at Great Zimbabwe. Bear in mind, European colonialists carted off many of the religious symbols and figures of Great Zimbabwe during the colonial era.

The present Chief of the area is Chief Mugabe (of the Moyo totem). Though the Mugabe's (of Masvingo Province) are recent arrivals, having only arrived in the area within the last 200 yrs, their oral history is full of meanings of the symbols found at Great Zimbabwe and history with regards to how Great Zimbabwe was built. I hope what I said will give you a head start. Ndatenda

Tsungai Mutongwizo said...

Wow. James Chikonamombe, you are flying the Mhara flag up high. I am a Maromo, Manyuka and I am so proud of that. 'Kufamba nemuto munyere' also refers to being ready and prepared for anything. Chikonamombe people are the original boy scouts and girl guides who will be resourceful and have spare this and backup that in their bags and cars. Chikonamombes originally came from Malawi but the root here in Zim is Dzvete in Mutoko even though we are in predominantly central areas of Zimbabwe or Zezuru home lands. If you recall the history books speak of the slaying of Chief Mashayamombe by the Native Commissioner as one of the triggers of Chimurenga 1. He was a Chikonamombe.Mashayamombe is the alternative honorific for a Chikonamombe man. The story goes that when the migration from Malawi into what is now Zimbabwe was complete, our ancestors were skilful in tanning or leather work and knew how to make dyes. So they became cattle rustlers. They would skilfully and quickly dye the hide of any cow they rustled. When the poor victim of the rustling would go aorund the area asking if anyone had seen his cow/cows the famous reply from Chikonamombe clan (the perpetrator) would be "Mashaya mombe?" as if in empathy! If you go to the detembo it has a phrase 'Vari dzete, vari zvihota'. I wish someone would post the whole detembo. Mbuya Chikonamombe, chigumbu chine hunye!
The impala is a beautiful, regal, graceful animal. Uncommon!

Trevor FN Tembo said...

Hi James
I am a Tembo and i discovered something interesting. In Swahili language Tembo means Elephant, not knowing if the word Tembo itself is Shona i got confused as to the true origin of the Tembo Totem because it seems it is intepreted to mean Zebra.
Care to shed some light?

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello there, Trevor Tembo. Swahili is a Bantu language and shares similar vocabulary with other Bantu languages like ChiShona and SiNdebele. Mbizi/Tembo/Samaita all mean zebra in various dialects of ChiShona. Tembo is used both as a last-name and as mutupo, for example the late musician Biggie Tembo (Mhosva Marasha), who went by his mutupo of "Tembo".

Vana Tembo can be found in parts of Mash West and Central as well as parts of the Mozambique/Zimbabwe border area (amongst the Chikunda and Tavara people).

Bear in mind we also have Zimbabweans named Tembo whose parents/grandparents migrated to Zimbabwe from neighbouring Zambia and Malawi.

Ndatenda

James Chikonamombe said...

Gusho!

Tsungai Mutongwizo: Thanks for the comments nezve dzindza redu. The "Dzete" area from the line "Vari Dzete, Vari Zvihota" is in an area of Murewha District (now under Chief Mangwende veMoyo Chirandu).

It was Muperekwa who migrated from Dzete towards the Mhondoro/Wedza/Chikomba area. Muperekwa is the father of the two brothers Maromo and Mashayamombe, after whom the two Chieftainship dynasties are named.

Ndatenda

Anonymous said...

Ndidetembereiwo mutupo unonzi Save , (hove) ,fish not including vkana mvuu

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello there. Please, when commenting on this post don't post anonymously. Put your name and totem, and that way it helps me answer your questions. I'll also advise readers to look through the works of Aaron C. Hodza and Aeneas Chigwedere for a list of detailed nhetembo.

Thank you/ndatenda

farie said...

My wife is a Nhewa and so is my grandmother. Tell me more about these people.

James Chikonamombe said...

Farie, tell me something: how did you get to marry a woman with the same totem as your grandmother?

Tendayi Ndori-Mharadze said...

Ohoooo I was touched almost shed a tear nekufara maita henyu Chikonamombe maita Gusho maita manyuka zvaonekwa. You are doing a great job my brother I am a Mapara amaromo from Mhondoro kwaMashayamombe. If there is one thing I will always be proud of its my totem. I remember ndichimudiki makombi achangouya ndaipfuura nepacopacabana ndokunzwa munhu achideedza "Chikonaz" I stopped looked for the Chikonaz greated him nemufaro ndokuzoenda hangu, I had found a brother. I just love you all vana gusho maita maita Mukoma James Chikonamombe

James Chikonamombe said...

Tendayi Ndori-Mharadze:

Ndafara zvikuru nemashoko enyu. VaMtukudzi vakaimba vachiti, "Ziva rudzi rwako, dzindza rako, nekwaunobva". Ngatiremekedzei rudzi rwedu.

Ndatenda

T. Malone said...

could you tell me more about the Chikonamombe/mhara totem. I come exactly from Mhondoro and last name is Kaseke. Where did these people come from and why this totem

James Chikonamombe said...

VaKaseke:

So sorry for the late reply; I had an important project I was working on. Tererai munzwe/please note carefully: it's inconvenient and awkward for Shona-speaking peoples to trace their ancestry through their last-names. The key-marker is not the last-name but rather the totem (mitupo), praise-name (chidawo) and clan-lineage name (for example ours is Maromo). I repeat: doing a historical trace using your last name (like Kaseke) is fraught with difficulties.

Thank you/ndatenda

Rumbidzai Hove said...

Hello vanhu vaShe

I am looking for a general explanation of anaMasiziva Gova as well as anaSave. If anyone can help ndingawanao zororo veduwee.

Maita

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello Rumbidzai. On vanaSave please check my earlier comments. I always direct readers to the books of Hodza & Chigwedere, who cover much of the cultural questions you ask.

On the "Gova": there is a Zambian tribe who go by "Goba" who reside in the Zambezi Valley; who speak a dialect of the Shona language; and who trace their origins to present-day Masvingo Province. They have detailed oral (and some written) history of their cultural origins. It might be worth your while to do some research into these "Goba" people to see if they are the missing cultural link to the "Gova" people you refer to.

Thank you/Ndatenda

emarketing solutions said...

Mukoma James can you please tell me more about my history. Ndiri Nyakuvengwa my great grand parents migrated to shurugwi all I know is ndiri muchan'ani. My dad and my uncles don't seem to know much about our history and my grandparents died when I was young.

James Chikonamombe said...

To "Nyakuvengwa",
All African identities are extremely complex and I must say that, in my experience, I've found the Chan'ani identity to be the most complex of all. Machan'ani are found throughout Zimbabwe, and not just in the Lowveld as is commonly thought. Furthermore, they are especially interspersed amongst the Manyika, Ndau and Karanga communities.

Even in my native Chikomba, we have a sizeable number of folks who tag themselves as Shangaans, even though they and their clan have been domiciled in Chikomba for three or four generations. For example,my late mufundisi grandfather had a fellow mufindisi named vaZava (Xaba) who was a Shangaan.

I would advise you to start with oral history. Go to your older relatives and have them narrate their clan histories. Note this history down. I would also have you go through the academic journal storage JSTOR; they have a lot of material on the Shangaans of Zimbabwe's Lowveld as well as Southern Mozambique. If you do not have access to JSTOR, I suggest that you purchase their temporary pass throughn JPASS (for a small fee).

Thank you/Ndatenda/Ngiyabonga

Ketayi Mtongwizo said...

Chikonamombe Mhondoro, ndizvo zvandiri kutsvaga izvi, vakuru vakaenda vasina kutipa nhoroondo yedu yakakwana. ndafarira nyaya yemitupo iyi. ndipeiwo wechikonamombe uzere, vandadvunza vese hapana agona kundipindura.

James Chikonamombe said...

To Ketayi:

Munun'una, please forward your email address to Zichivhu@gmail.com and I'll email you the answer to your query.

Ruth Jongwe Chitauro said...

Ndiwudzeyiwo nezvana namaposa, wamambo. Vanobva kwaZimuto kumaSvingo. Thanka

Dziva Pakuru said...

Makadini vedare, ndikutsvagawo detembo rizere re Dziva Pakuru Save from Buhera

James Chikonamombe said...

Kwazuwai Dziva Pakuru:
Please refer to earlier comments for Save Dziva detembo.

Ndatenda

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello Ruth Jongwe Chitauro:

For the "Porcupine People" (Maphosa) I will refer you to the books of the late historian, DR Stan Mudenge. He wrote in detail about the various peoples of Masvingo Province (mainly Karanga culture) and how they came to be.

Thank you/Ndatenda

Ketayi Mtongwizo said...

Ndaona anyora kuti Muperekwa, Maromo naMashayamombe vana vemnhu mumwechete asi sokuziva kwangu Mashayamombe akange aine zita rake raakapuwa nevabereki vake nokuti rekuti Mashayamombe akazo piwa naNyamweda mushure mekubasitsira kurwa hondo ndokukunda. Nokudaro zita rake chairo raimbonzi ani uye Maromo akaendepi nokuti Muperekwa naMashayamombe vari Mhondoro. ndibatsireiwo ipapa ndinogona kunge ndakarasika.

James Chikonamombe said...

Ketayi Mtongwizo:

Muperekwa left the Dzete area in Murehwa (presently under Chief Mangwende) and settled in Chivhumdhara (i.e Chivhu). His oldest son was named Nyakuvambwa, and later on he would come to be known as Maromo. This is the Chieftainship lineage to which I, James Chikonamombe, belong to.

Muperekwa's younger son was named Koroka, and he would leave Chivhumdhara for Mhondoro to seek greener opportunities. Later on in life Koroka came to be known as Mashayamombe and that was the beginning of the famous line of Mashayamombe Chiefs from Mhondoro.

Anonymous said...

can you please tell me what animal KUMBI is. My surname is Mbeulani and I come from Sanyati

Anonymous said...

Anyone know what KUMBI is? my grandfather thought it was some kind of animal but my dad says its abbird si I need clarification on this issue

Tarisiro Nyandoro said...

Pane anoziyawo here verudzi rwekwa Matemai?? vanhu ava vanoyerei uye vanobva papi munyika yedu ye zimbabwe.

Ketayi Mtongwizo said...

Saka Koroka (Mashayamombe) akabva kuchivhu nenyaya yekutsvaga pekugara pakamukodzera chete here, ndakambonzwa kuti pakaitika hondo zvichibva pakuti chikonamombe akaramba kunogadzwa humambo nemandevere. Izvi zvinova zvakaita kuti vachena vamuti munhu anonetsa asingateerere nokudaro vaida kuparadza rudzi rwake. chikonamombe achinzwa izvi akaronga nemachinda akasimuka achibva mudunhu maaiva. Panevakasara zvinonzi vakadzi vakasvikotorwa machinda ndokuraiwa asi aiva mukuru wavo akapiswa arimupenyu apa panzvimbo yeChikomba pavaiva. Uyu akasimuka aka enda achirwa achitora hupfumi kunyanya mombe uye aiva murwi mukuru zvinova zvakaita kuti abatsire Nyamweda anova akazomupa pekugara, kurwa hakuna kuperera ipapo nekuti Chinengundu akazotemesa vachena musoro ari pachikomo cheNjatara.

Ini handizivi kuti izvi zvineumboo here.

VaChifedza said...

Please can you assist me on how to recite the Hove totem (Masiziba).

Anonymous said...

Ko Chihwa ke?

Anonymous said...

Ndlovu and Hove Musasa for me please

Anonymous said...

I want to find out about vaera hwiza and the totem is something like mtambo.


maMoyo Charie

Anonymous said...

Mutema

Ini ndiri Chikonaz weWedza. Tinodetemba tichiti,
"Maita Mharaa-a,
Mbuya Chikonamombe,
Chigumbu chine unye,
Varizvi Dzete,
Vanokohwa nyemba vakavhotomaraaa"

Anonymous said...

Matemai is Mbano from my knowledge. But on the Ndebele side we our totems include Mdolomba, Msendo, Sibuya. All these seem to be linked to Eastern Cape (Xhosa tribes) in South Africa. As a Mbano I know very little about the origin of my Mbano family. Ngiyabonga, enkosi.

Anonymous said...

It is interesting that we seem to know very little about our origins, but we have massacred and continue to marginalize each other on the basis of superficial classications (shona, ndebele, hutu, tutsi, Christian, Muslims), instead of leaving together as one big happy family that we aught to be. Mayuyu

alexio atkins said...

can someone help me solve the puzzle how two animals stand for the gwai totem,namely gwai-sheep and gora-bird of pray???????

youngston dzikiti said...

Ndipeiwo nhetembo yeNyati

ndiri muMaungwe wekwaMakoni

mildred mbano said...

Nyathi i guess has the ndebele/sotho side.and then there is Nyati on the shona side.my mom is a Nyathi and they are sotho from gwanda.And then im a Mbano,ndebele ise.our totems be Msendo,buya,mdolomba,mathemabi,luphahla,

Anonymous said...

how do i praise machuma totem

Anonymous said...

my name is Mudzungairi Weshambo Chena: Ndinoera Shumba.
Ko, ana Gushungo manoerei chaizvo? Vamwe vanoti vanoera Shumba/Tsiwo? Some refer to them as Crocodile, or “Male Genetalia”, ndezvipi chaizvo?

We also have the Shumba clan. It is claimed that some Shumbas were given the totem dzemadzimai? Zvakafanana ne Shumba Nechinanga zvinonzi waive mwana wemwansikana. Who are Shumba-Bere, Shumba-Nyakuhuwa, Shumba-Sipambi, Shumba-Mhazi, Shumba-Yevashavi. Why in the Nyamuzihwa ndetembo they use female name Njapa? Does that mean, they are direct descent from mwana wemwanasikana? Did they migrate from South to the North or other way round?

Stephanie Tabva said...

matemai vanoyera nzou (elephant). My mother is a Matemai. Ndiri Wachituka ,simboti from the Tangwena tribe. Ndino yera ingwe (leopard)

Unknown said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Anonymous said...

Ndasangana nhasi ne App inotaura nezvemitupo nezvidawo zvemadzinza evanhu vemu Zimbabwe zvazoita kuti nditsvake pa dandemutande kusvika ndasanganazve nechirongwa chino. Hama ndibatsirei nepakadai apa.

Ini ndinoera Nondo, mukukura kwese ndakaudzwa kuti dzinza redu ndera vana Chirau uye chidawo chiri chekuti Mwendamberi, vana matanga kunwa, vanonwa musvidori, musiya vabvonga, matunga churu, chiminya miseve zvichienda zvakadaro. Mhuka inonzi Nondo pamwe haichawanikwi munyika medu nepamusaka pekuvhimwa zvakadarikidza, asi mu chirungu uinonzi Tsessebe. Kune anovivawo here zvakadzama maererano nemutupo uyu, uye kuti sei zita rekuti Mwendamberi richishandiswa zvekare nevaera shoko pamwe nevaera Shava.

Anonymous said...

vechikonamombe, kunyanya veimba yamashayamombe, pane angazivawo nyaya iyi: isu tiri vemutupo unonzi mhizha, vemahwemachena. tateguru wedu isu anonzi aiva mudzviti asi arimurwi wehondo.vanonzi vakabva kunzimbo iri pedyo ne plumtree/matobo vakatambirwa kwamashayamombe mhondoro, akapiwa mukadzi mwanasikana wamashayamombe vainzi vaMandikunda.his cousin was also a legendary akatambirwa akaroorawo imwe imba huru yeveNondo kwa Chirau around Zvimba/Makonde area. izvi zvakaitika before even 1st chimurenga, zvekuti by the time yakazoita outbreak ye 1st chimurenga our legendary tateguru anga atofa. tateguru wedu iyeye anonzi akazofira kwa chiremba (padhuze nema balancing rocks, asi vana vake vakazopfurira vachinanga neku hwedza vakazonobudira kwa murewa. saka iyezvino tiri kunonzi kwa chitimbe asi takagarisana nevechikonamombe vane ma surname anonzi ana gwashavanhu, mavura, chitimbe etc and anamudhara vangu vanogara vachiti vechikonamombe vese ava ndivana sekuru, amai verudzi rwedu.vakabva vese nanasekuru vedu pamwechete kumhondoro. pavakauya anasekuru vedu vakauyawo nevazukuru vavo vanoera gora mukuruwambwa vane surname yekuti bhowa. does anyone have a clue about this narrative, kunemi vechikonamombe? i was thinking of going down to the incumbent chief mashayamombe's kraal in mubaira to inquire more deeply about this piece of family history of ours. would it help, kana vasara vangadai vasinawo ruzivo?

SHAMISO KADZUNGE said...

MAKADII. INI NDIRI MACHUMA. NDIRIKUDA KUROORWA NE MURUME ANOTI THEY ARE NGONI AND MIGRATED TO MALAWI THEN HIS FATHER CAME TO ZIM AND MARRIED HERE. ANOTI CHIDAWO CHAKE IS CHISARE. MAY YOU SHADE SOME LIGHT PLEASE.

Betty Weiss said...

As an American who enjoys visiting Zimbabwe, how should I answer when people there ask me "What is your totem?"

Tendayi Mutuda said...

hi guys,can someone please help me by telling me what NDORO TOTEM MEANS,please help

Mazvita said...

Uri hama yamai vangu, ndimanondo amai vangu, ndeve kwaGovha vachibva kwaChihota.

Anonymous said...

Ndinoera marunga and i belong to the tavara tribe. Please tell me what are the women called and where did we originate from?

Anonymous said...

Nhai muera Shonga anotendwa sei

Trust Masunda said...

Makasimba here mkoma James. Ndibetsereiwo nekwakabva vana Masunda vanoera Gumbo Madyirapazhe, zvakare vana Gumbo Madyirapzhe kune Chitova nechii zvakare.

Tatty said...

Hi what's the totem
ye mutupo unotendwa uchinzi wadyegora mutakura mombe mbudzi iri hata

Musutu said...

' Chuma ' Moyana ' Gwayi'.
Gwai Gumbi
Maita Gwai,
Chinhove changu chichi,
Vane chuma chisingaverengwi,
Vakatorerwa umambo namabvakure,
Isu hanzvadzi tisakashaya,
Vane imba yakazvarwa muRungu.
Maita Hwai yangu yiyi,
Ikachema kunofa dangwe,
Ukaidya unopera mazimo.
Maita vokwaChinhove changu chichi,
Vanofa chihwaihwai.
Maita zvenyu vari Ruvamba,
Vari Mharamasimbe.
Kuziva zvenyu vari Manyewe,
Vari Baramhanza,
VokwaMabvudzikuwanda,
Mazhinji ndoazere tsine.
Tatenda vari Mburwi,
Chakatyoka chiramwa ndochadaidze wacho,
Mhodzi yefodya kubarika panomera imwe.
Zvaitwa Gono;
Zvaitwa Gumbi:
Zvaitwa Gwai;
Maita Usanga, maita Chuma;
Vari kumiuya misere,
Maita vari Mhondoro;
Tatenda Chinhove changu chichi,
Zvaonekwa vari Doworo,
Maita mwana waGora;
Aiwa zvaonekwa Gwai rangu riri.

AfroVoice said...

My brother James Chikonamombe (or anyone with knowledge) what about vana Moyo Simboti? They are there in Chikomba District kwa Zinatsa and use the last names Zimbizi and some Mutasa

farai peter dongo said...

guys pane munhu here ane mutopo wa MOYO samuriwo

Anonymous said...

Ndodawo kuziva ndiwo wangu iwoyo ndasva nemoyo wekuda kuziva vanhu vacho vanenge vashoma

Anonymous said...

Vehama ndibatsireiwo ndoda kuziva mutupo wangu I nondo yekwachirau mwendamberi ana mvura yadzongwa matanga kunwa. Mhuka yacho inenge mombe like inonzi tsetsebee nechirungu. Vanhu vacho vanenge vashoma. Muriko here vehama.

Unknown said...

Hallo everyone . James i am a Masibanda shumba hadzi. How are the
Lioness's hailed please. I love my totem so much for it defineds my strength and wellbeing. Ndatenda .

Unknown said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
kumbirayi nyachionjeka said...

My totem is tortoise kamba originating from nyanga and dembetero yacho is, Gwai ,Gumbi, nyahwari, mukota,muchena, shuma-shewusaru, shuma - shevutungwa, goride etc. Now from my understanding this has some praises that are similar to a certain degree as the praises from mashonaland and masvingo but largely the praises are different they differ on the animal they call their totem too. in the later 2 the animal referred to as the totem is a sheep but chuma in manicaland(watsomba area, honde valley, nyanga etc) all the way to tete province in mozambique is a tortoise. mukota actually refers to a place in mozambique(tete province) where a tree that never dies grew. the praise associated with gwai in mashonaland and masvingo refer to places and ancestry that has nothing to do with the kamba totem people of manica. the tortoise totem is inclined towards the people of mozambique and its popular till today. The gwai, hwayi totem is mostly a masvingo and mashonaland totem. the ndebele equivalent totem is Tshuma golide mageza ngochago, gumbi etc but there is no mention of an animal it is not clear whether the originators of the praises left it out so that they identify with nguni norms noone knows. in Nguni culture totems are not animals, its either the character or actions of that person(ancestor) that leads to a totem. No true nguni has an animal as a totem or surname. i think the word totem takes on a different meaning with these people. Most animal bearing peoples among the ndebele are from the ancestore who were assimilated from other groupings like tswana, suthu, venda, kalanga and shona.

Anonymous said...

Hello,
Ini ndinoyera Shumba Chikara, I have searched how and low for the praise poem to no luck. Can someone help.

susan mbero said...

Hello
Ini my grandparents are not from Zim they are from Malawi. Ndinoyera Chisale and have no idea what it is.. I believe someone out there has an idea and can help

James Chikonamombe said...

Hello Susan Mbero. As you know we in Zimbabwe experienced heavy immigration from Malawi during the colonial era. In fact some "Native" Townships like Gillingham (now Dzivaresekwa) were expressly built to house Malawian domestic workers working for Europeans in the White low-density areas. However, as for Malawian cultural history I cannot help you. This is an exhaustive, distinct and unique investigative area of its own, and I suggest you start by going to Facebook and researching the Malawian historical threads that are there.

I Hope this answer is to your benefit.
Ndatenda/Siyabonga/Zikomo

Toice Gwatinyanya said...

Hello everyone

Ndiri weShumba Madzore yokwaBere. Can someone help me with our Detembo. I believe we are linked to Chief Chivi but we are not Murambwi we are Madzore.